A native pine to the UK originating from the Highlands of Scotland. It is now frequently planted on lighter sandy soils in the SE of England and in East Anglia. Typically Scots Pine grow to about 30 m in height. The tree is also used extensively in large scale plantations for timber production and on a small scale as Christmas trees.
Culture for Scots Pine
Scots Pine prefer moderately fertile, moist, but well drained sandy soils with a pH range of 5 to 7.5. Growth is optimal in full sun, however, Scots pine are very hardy to wind and frost. They do not tolerate prolonged flooding and are not very drought resistant. Scots Pine have become standard planting for ornamental landscape use within urban environments, both for homes and public grounds.
Concerns about Scots Pine
Diplodia tip blight causes stunted, brown shoots with short needles. Small black fungal fruiting bodies usually can be seen at the base of infected needles. The disease causes annual destruction of buds and shoots. Red band needle blight produce similar symptoms. The disease usually begins on lower branches and spreads upward causing yellow red spots or bands on needles. Insect pests include the tip moth, sawfly, aphids, and the pine needle scale.
Management Practices for Scots Pine
Control of diseases requires the use of protectant fungicides when the new growth is emerging in May. It is also important to promote good air circulation by adequate tree spacing and weed control. Improve tree vigour through mulching, fertilisation and watering. Control of insect pests requires 3 to 4 sprays of an insecticide at 3 week intervals from May onwards.