A deciduous tree belonging to the family Betulaceae. Hornbeam grows to a height of 25 metres by 20 metres spread. Common across Europe, in woodlands, and hedgerows. The tree is native to West Asia, Eastern and Southern Europe where forests of C . betulus exist. Widely used in the UK as hedging material and due to its stress tolerance increasingly planted into urban landscapes.
Culture for Hornbeam
A very hardy tree tolerating full sun or part shade. Survives on any aspect, exposure tolerant. Prefers a well drained soil but tolerant of all soil types. Very pH tolerant (5.8) but prefers 6.2 to 6.6. A low maintenance tree requiring little pruning. Fastigiata ' cultivar upright is a columnar tree with even lower maintenance needs.
Concerns about Hornbeam
Very pest and disease resilient. Caterpillars, aphids, powdery mildews, honey fungus, and coral spot are the only real issues this tree faces.
Management Practices for Hornbeam
Spray Bandu + oil when insect pests first observed. Spray the fungicide Signum in April/May/June or at the first signs of disease development. Bandu and Signum can be combined as a single spray. RCX/Trichoderma soil injections at the first signs of honey fungus. Incorporate Biochar during RCX . Promote tree vitality by appropriate fertilisation, mulching, and irrigation especially if nutrient deficiency symptoms were observed during the growing season.